What are Milia?| How to Treat Milia
What are Milia?| How to Treat Milia

What are Milia?| How to Treat Milia

What are Milia?| How to Treat Milia. For those who would like to learn more about the milia, we have information on the milia and we describe the common causes of milia. We also explain how to treat milia.


A milium is a small, white bump on the skin that usually appears around the eyes or on the cheeks. There is no pain or harm associated with them, but many people elect to have them removed purely for cosmetic reasons. 

The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of the causes, treatment options, and prevention of milia.

What are Milia?

Keratin, which is found in skin, hair, and nails, forms milia, which are small cysts filled with keratin. 

Their most common location is on the face, particularly around the eyes and on the cheeks, but they may also appear on the chest, arms, and genital area. 

There is no specific age group at which milia can occur, but the most commonly affected are newborns and adults over 50 years of age.

Types of Milia:

There are several types of milia, including:

1. Primary milia: 

There are several types of milia; however, this is the most common type. It occurs when dead skin cells become trapped in little pockets just beneath the skin’s surface.

2. Secondary milia: 

There can be an underlying skin condition that results in this type of milia, such as eczema or blistering. Medications or treatments, including steroid creams and radiation therapy, can also cause this condition.

3. Multiple eruptive milia: 

The appearance of multiple milia on the face and body is a characteristic of this rare form of milia. There is a possibility that it may be caused by medications or medical conditions, such as Cushing’s disease or the use of oral or topical steroids.

Causes of Milia:

Keratin accumulates under the skin as a result of the buildup of milia. Milia can form due to several factors, including:

1. Sun exposure: 

A large amount of exposure to the sun can damage the skin and cause milia to develop.

2. Aging: 

Having milia can develop as a result of our skin becoming thinner and unable to shed dead skin cells as we age.

3. Dehydration: 

The development of milia is more likely to occur on dry, dehydrated skin.

4. Skin irritation: 

The risk of developing milia increases if the skin is irritated, such as through scratching or picking.

1. Certain medications: 

The risk of developing milia can be increased by certain medications, such as topical steroids.

2. Underlying skin conditions: 

Milia is more likely to develop in individuals with conditions such as eczema or dermatitis.

Treatment Options for Milia:

There is no need to treat milia as they are benign. The majority of people, however, choose to have them removed for cosmetic reasons. Milia can be removed in several ways, including:

  • Deroofing: To remove the contents of the milium, a sterile needle or scalpel is used in an in-office procedure.
  • Laser treatment: It is possible to destroy the milium using laser treatment, which may stimulate the production of collagen, which can positively affect the appearance of the skin.
  • Chemical peels: It is possible to improve the appearance of milia by using chemical peels, which remove the top layers of the skin with a solution.
  • Microdermabrasion: Milia can be improved by using fine crystals to remove the top layers of skin and stimulate collagen production.

The use of pore strips or the removal of milia with a needle or pin is not recommended as a home remedy. Scarring and further skin irritation can occur as a result of these methods.

Prevention of Milia:

Several precautions can be taken to avoid the development of milia, including:

  • Protect the skin from the sun: When the sun is strongest, seek shade to protect the skin from UV rays while wearing a broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30.
  • Keep the skin hydrated: Maintain a healthy and hydrated appearance by using a moisturizer. The skin should not be exposed to products that are overly drying or irritating.
  • Avoid irritation and picking at the skin: Avoid scratching or picking at the skin, since this can result in irritation and increase the likelihood of developing milia.
  • Avoid certain medications and skin treatments: There are certain medications and skin treatments which may increase the risk of developing milia, such as topical steroids and chemical peels. A dermatologist should be consulted before beginning any new medications or treatments to ensure they are safe and appropriate for your skin.

Maintaining healthy, clear skin can be achieved by following these prevention tips.


Malaria is benign cysts that contain keratin as their primary substance. People of any age may develop these lesions on the face, chest, arms, and genital area, although they are more common in newborns and those over the age of 50. 

Several factors can cause milia, including sun exposure, aging, dehydration, skin irritation, certain medications, and underlying skin conditions. 

Milia are characterized by a buildup of keratin under the skin. There is no need to treat milia, although many people opt to have them removed for cosmetic reasons.

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